1 Analysis





2 Summary of Results









3 Black Antagonism

3.1 Items

  • There is a lot of discrimination against Blacks in America today, which limits their chances to get ahead
  • It is easy to understand the anger of Black people in America
  • Blacks have become far too confrontational in their demand for equal rights [reversed]
  • Social movements such as ‘Black Lives Matters’ are detrimental to society [reversed]

3.2 Demographics of Black Antagonism

We asked participants how positive or negative do you feel concerning the 1960’s Civil Rights Movement. Participants responded to this question in a 9-point scale ranging from extremely negative (1) to extremely positive (9).

3.2.1 Social Class





Figure X. Black Antagonism as grouped by SES

Figure X. Black Antagonism as grouped by SES





Black Antagonism as grouped by SES
SES N Mean SD
Lower Middle Class 298 -0.16 1.01
Upper Middle Class 395 -0.05 0.97
Rich 90 0.04 0.89
Middle Middle Class 679 0.09 1.01
Poor 38 0.13 1.18

3.2.2 Gender





Figure X. Black Antagonism as grouped by Gender

Figure X. Black Antagonism as grouped by Gender





Black Antagonism as grouped by Gender
Gender N Mean SD
Female 760 -0.12 1.03
Male 740 0.12 0.95

3.2.3 Age





Figure X. Black Antagonism as grouped by Age

Figure X. Black Antagonism as grouped by Age





Black Antagonism as grouped by Age
Age N Mean SD
18-24 years 193 -0.26 0.92
25-34 years 264 -0.24 1.01
35-44 years 263 -0.03 1.00
55-64 years 234 0.07 1.03
45-54 years 292 0.09 1.03
65+ 254 0.31 0.87

3.2.4 Education





Figure X. Black Antagonism as grouped by Education

Figure X. Black Antagonism as grouped by Education





Black Antagonism as grouped by Education
Education N Mean SD
Graduate 193 -0.11 0.96
Bachelor 310 -0.01 0.99
Some college 471 0.01 1.05
High-school 475 0.04 0.97
Less than High-school 51 0.06 1.01

3.2.5 Income Levels





Figure X. Black Antagonism as grouped by Income Levels

Figure X. Black Antagonism as grouped by Income Levels





Black Antagonism as grouped by Income Levels
Income Levels N Mean SD
Less than $15,000 178 -0.19 1.04
$50,000-$74,999 292 -0.05 1.00
$15,000-$24,999 180 -0.03 0.99
$35,000-$49,999 227 0.02 0.99
$100,000-$149,999 160 0.05 0.95
$75,000-$99,999 192 0.05 0.96
$25,000-$34,999 176 0.10 1.06
$150,000 + 95 0.18 0.96

3.2.6 Ethnicity





Figure X. Black Antagonism as grouped by Ethnicity

Figure X. Black Antagonism as grouped by Ethnicity





Black Antagonism as grouped by Ethnicity
Ethnicity N Mean SD
Black/African America 115 -1.06 0.79
Native American 13 -0.35 0.89
Asian/Pacific Islander 29 -0.35 0.80
Latino 88 -0.33 0.89
Other 18 -0.12 0.85
Caucasian/European origin 1237 0.14 0.97

3.2.7 Occupation





Figure X. Black Antagonism as grouped by Occupation

Figure X. Black Antagonism as grouped by Occupation





Black Antagonism as grouped by Occupation
Occupation N Mean SD
Student 85 -0.49 1.11
Unemployed 146 -0.21 1.00
Employed 768 -0.03 0.97
Full-time caregiver 31 -0.02 1.00
Retired 268 0.18 0.95
Disabled 98 0.21 1.03
Parent 104 0.23 1.02

3.2.8 Area





Figure X. Black Antagonism as grouped by Area

Figure X. Black Antagonism as grouped by Area





Black Antagonism as grouped by Area
Area N Mean SD
Urban 955 -0.12 1.01
Rural 545 0.21 0.95





3.2.9 Religious Affiliation





Figure X. Black Antagonism as grouped by Religious Affiliation

Figure X. Black Antagonism as grouped by Religious Affiliation





Black Antagonism as grouped by Religious Affiliation
Religious Affiliation N Mean SD
Muslim 9 -0.60 0.99
Atheist/Agnostic 230 -0.43 1.05
No religion 195 -0.23 0.93
Jewish 52 -0.09 1.08
Christian 1014 0.15 0.96










4 Political Behavior and Black Antagonism

4.1 Political Orientation

Figure X. Black Antagonism & Political Orientation

Figure X. Black Antagonism & Political Orientation