1 Antecedents of System Justification

1.1 Social Class

Figure X. General System Justification as grouped by SES

Figure X. General System Justification as grouped by SES





General System Justification as grouped by SES
SES N Mean SD
Poor 38 -0.44 0.91
Lower Middle Class 298 -0.26 0.96
Middle Middle Class 679 -0.06 1.03
Upper Middle Class 395 0.24 0.92
Rich 90 0.40 0.90

1.2 Gender

Figure X. General System Justification as grouped by Gender

Figure X. General System Justification as grouped by Gender





General System Justification as grouped by Gender
Gender N Mean SD
Female 760 -0.19 0.99
Male 740 0.20 0.97

1.3 Age

Figure X. General System Justification as grouped by Age

Figure X. General System Justification as grouped by Age





General System Justification as grouped by Age
Age N Mean SD
25-34 years 264 -0.36 1.01
18-24 years 193 -0.27 0.99
35-44 years 263 -0.07 1.00
45-54 years 292 -0.05 1.00
55-64 years 234 0.28 0.92
65+ 254 0.45 0.83

1.4 Education

Figure X. General System Justification as grouped by Education

Figure X. General System Justification as grouped by Education





General System Justification as grouped by Education
Education N Mean SD
Less than High-school 51 -0.16 0.95
High-school 475 -0.10 1.00
Some college 471 -0.09 1.00
Bachelor 310 0.17 1.00
Graduate 193 0.22 0.96

1.5 Income Levels

Figure X. General System Justification as grouped by Income Levels

Figure X. General System Justification as grouped by Income Levels





General System Justification as grouped by Income Levels
Income Levels N Mean SD
Less than $15,000 178 -0.26 1.00
$15,000-$24,999 180 -0.23 0.99
$35,000-$49,999 227 -0.11 1.01
$25,000-$34,999 176 -0.05 0.98
$50,000-$74,999 292 -0.01 1.03
$75,000-$99,999 192 0.15 0.94
$100,000-$149,999 160 0.37 0.88
$150,000 + 95 0.40 0.92

1.6 Ethnicity

Figure X. General System Justification as grouped by Ethnicity

Figure X. General System Justification as grouped by Ethnicity





General System Justification as grouped by Ethnicity
Ethnicity N Mean SD
Other 18 -0.38 0.71
Black/African America 115 -0.34 1.03
Native American 13 -0.27 1.00
Asian/Pacific Islander 29 -0.11 0.86
Caucasian/European origin 1237 0.04 0.99
Latino 88 0.10 1.03

1.7 Occupation

Figure X. General System Justification as grouped by Occupation

Figure X. General System Justification as grouped by Occupation





General System Justification as grouped by Occupation
Occupation N Mean SD
Student 85 -0.38 0.93
Disabled 98 -0.33 0.93
Unemployed 146 -0.28 1.08
Full-time caregiver 31 -0.15 0.85
Parent 104 -0.12 0.98
Employed 768 0.02 1.00
Retired 268 0.41 0.87

1.8 Area

Figure X. General System Justification as grouped by Area

Figure X. General System Justification as grouped by Area





General System Justification as grouped by Area
Area N Mean SD
Rural 545 -0.01 0.99
Urban 955 0.01 1.00






2 Concomitants of System Justification

2.1 Political Orientation

Figure X. General System Justification & Political Orientation

Figure X. General System Justification & Political Orientation