1 Antecedents of Gender-specific

1.1 Social Class

Figure X. Gender-specific as grouped by SES

Figure X. Gender-specific as grouped by SES





Gender-specific as grouped by SES
SES N Mean SD
Poor 38 -0.32 1.06
Lower Middle Class 298 -0.16 0.97
Middle Middle Class 679 -0.01 1.01
Upper Middle Class 395 0.09 0.99
Rich 90 0.38 0.91

1.2 Gender

Figure X. Gender-specific as grouped by Gender

Figure X. Gender-specific as grouped by Gender





Gender-specific as grouped by Gender
Gender N Mean SD
Female 760 -0.29 1.00
Male 740 0.29 0.91

1.3 Age

Figure X. Gender-specific as grouped by Age

Figure X. Gender-specific as grouped by Age





Gender-specific as grouped by Age
Age N Mean SD
25-34 years 264 -0.32 0.97
18-24 years 193 -0.10 1.04
35-44 years 263 -0.05 1.05
45-54 years 292 -0.01 0.98
55-64 years 234 0.08 0.94
65+ 254 0.39 0.88

1.4 Education

Figure X. Gender-specific as grouped by Education

Figure X. Gender-specific as grouped by Education





Gender-specific as grouped by Education
Education N Mean SD
Some college 471 -0.04 1.01
High-school 475 -0.03 0.96
Less than High-school 51 -0.03 0.98
Bachelor 310 0.05 1.03
Graduate 193 0.09 1.02

1.5 Income Levels

Figure X. Gender-specific as grouped by Income Levels

Figure X. Gender-specific as grouped by Income Levels





Gender-specific as grouped by Income Levels
Income Levels N Mean SD
Less than $15,000 178 -0.24 1.03
$15,000-$24,999 180 -0.18 0.97
$25,000-$34,999 176 -0.08 0.98
$35,000-$49,999 227 -0.04 1.01
$50,000-$74,999 292 -0.01 1.00
$75,000-$99,999 192 0.12 0.96
$100,000-$149,999 160 0.24 0.96
$150,000 + 95 0.42 0.97

1.6 Ethnicity

Figure X. Gender-specific as grouped by Ethnicity

Figure X. Gender-specific as grouped by Ethnicity





Gender-specific as grouped by Ethnicity
Ethnicity N Mean SD
Black/African America 115 -0.53 0.92
Native American 13 -0.22 1.09
Other 18 -0.21 0.73
Asian/Pacific Islander 29 -0.11 0.93
Latino 88 -0.09 0.88
Caucasian/European origin 1237 0.06 1.00

1.7 Occupation

Figure X. Gender-specific as grouped by Occupation

Figure X. Gender-specific as grouped by Occupation





Gender-specific as grouped by Occupation
Occupation N Mean SD
Student 85 -0.30 1.04
Unemployed 146 -0.22 1.09
Disabled 98 -0.13 1.03
Full-time caregiver 31 -0.12 0.80
Parent 104 -0.08 0.99
Employed 768 0.00 1.01
Retired 268 0.30 0.85

1.8 Area

Figure X. Gender-specific as grouped by Area

Figure X. Gender-specific as grouped by Area





Gender-specific as grouped by Area
Area N Mean SD
Urban 955 -0.05 1.01
Rural 545 0.09 0.97






2 Concomitants of Gender-specific

2.1 Political Orientation

Figure X. Gender-specific & Political Orientation

Figure X. Gender-specific & Political Orientation